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What To Expect From Multi Engine Rating TrainingLearn What It Takes To Earn Your Rating
By Kyle Garrett
When your flying career reaches a certain point, you'll either want or need a multi engine rating. In this article, we'll outline what you can expect during your training. First of all, most multi engine training schools will only begin your training if you hold a current Private Pilot or Commercial Pilot certificate and current medical certificate. However, an instrument rating is usually not a requirement. Most multi engine training courses will consist of the following...
- Approximately 8-10 hours of flight instruction with a multi engine instructor (MEI)
- Ground schools with an instructor covering the fundementals of multi engine operations plus specific operational information which applies to the training aircraft, its systems, and limitations.
- Pre- and post-flight briefings with your instructor
- Course materials
- Courses typically last 2-4 days
- Upon satisfactory completion of your training, you'll receive an endorsement from your instructor and be eligible to take your exam and checkride
- An oral and practical (checkride) examination from an FAA/JAA examiner
What You'll Learn
Depending on who you ask, multi engine aircraft are either safer or more dangerous than single engine aircraft. But one thing most pilots will agree on is that flying a "twin" is more safe IF the pilot is proficient in its operation. With this in mind, here are a few key points about flying multi engine aircraft:
- Multi engine aircraft are usually more complex than twins and require a greater understanding of onboard systems and emergency procedures.
- Multi engine aircraft, for the most part, are faster than singles and require the pilot "stay ahead of the airplane" to an even greater extent.
- In order to stay safe in a multi, the pilot must remain proficient and train for emergency procedures often.
- Preflight planning must be computed two ways in twins... first, with both engines operational, and second, with one engine failed at the worst possible moment (called the equal time point).
- When an engine fails in a twin, pilots need to quickly reconfigure the aircraft for single engine flight by establishing the proper airspeed and bank angle, and minimizing drag with a combination of flaps, gear, cowl flap, propeller, and trim settings.
- In most multi engine aircraft one of the engines is called the "critical engine" because if it fails, it creates a more adverse flight condition than if the other engine fails.
- Vmc (minimum control speed with the critical engine inoperative) is the speed at which a twin engine aircraft becomes uncontrollable in the event of a failure of the critical engine in flight. Multi engine pilots learn how to manage airspeed in relationship to Vmc.
- Takeoffs in multi engine aircraft require extra vigilance in the event of an engine failure. You'll learn how to plan for an engine failure and what to do in case of an actual failure.
Get Your Multi Engine License
Learn more in our Multi Engine Training article.